The Geographical Information System (GIS) was developed in the early 1960s by the Canadians to store data and produce maps for the Canadian Land Inventory .This set of data gave information regarding the capabilities of land to support agriculture, wildlife, and other activities. GIS is a tool used widely in today’s world with significance relevance for farmers and agro industry.
Geoinformatics in agriculture is helpful in mapping and projecting present and future fluctuations in temperature, crop output and more.
Using geoinformatics, farmland scientists and farmers can work together to create efficient farming techniques. This helps in increasing food production at a sincere level. This in turn helps in sufficient production in areas where food growth was difficult. GIS analyses all the soil data along with the farming practices to look out the best crops to plant, where they should be produced and gives idea about how to maintain the quality of the soil to increase productivity. Geographic Information System solves not only the topography and crop health but also solves major economic issues that stems from rural farming techniques.
Apart from increasing food production, GIS is also used to raise awareness about the underlying issues such as scarcity of food and discovering areas that are in need of guidance. GIS data and technology helps to safeguard areas and communities affected by scarcity of food. GIS helps to analyze and understand the vast geographic data that is stored and collected daily. It enables smooth communication about the flourishing crops, pollution and controlled use of fertilizers.
Seeing the tremendous growth in population, it has become necessary to secure food resources. Geoinformatics is proving itself helpful in meeting the future demand for food. GIS is used not only for a real-time analysis but also to compare and study the historical data. Landsat satellites can be used to assess historical data of agricultural land use over time. This analysis helps in prediction and planning of the amount of productive land needed to provide food to the increasing population.
Crop Health Monitoring has been possible only with the help of GIS. Earlier, checking crop health manually did not prove to be efficient. Satellite images and input information helps us to decide which type of crop requires more attention and care. The GIS algorithms analyzes images for the unhealthy pattern of crops too.
The major issue in the agricultural industry is the need to raise productivity , employment and income of farmers. By applying GIS in agriculture all the situations can be overcome. GIS tools help farmers to conduct forecasting of crops and manage production by using images collected by satellites. The success usage of GIS to study and visualize situations of agriculture has proved beneficial to the farming industry.