Most Used Herbicides in India:
- 2,4-D(2,4-DICHLOROPHENOXY ACETIC ACID)– This herbicide is used to control dicot weeds in cereals and sugarcane. Benefits of this herbicide includes:
- It is cheap.
- It is easily available.
- It is easy to apply.
- It is non poisonous to human beings as well as animals.
It is available in three formulations:
a) Sodium Salt: Sodium Salt is a low volatile white powder and is soluble in water.
b) Dimethylamine: It is a non volatile light brown liquid which form emulsions in water.
c) Ethyl Ester: It is a light yellow liquid which may be low volatile or high volatile.
2. GLYPHOSATE– It is a non translocated herbicide. It is weak herbicide and can be used against perennial weeds. It is used for killing perennial weeds in food crops and sugarcane as directed spray.
3. FLUCHLORALIN– It is a pre effective herbicide it is useful against a large number of weed in cotton, jute, sunflower, onion, and few solanaceous vegetables.
Herbicides banned in India:
Herbicides also known as weedicides are pesticides to kill the unwanted crops grown in the main crop known as weed. Herbicides used in large quantities are harmful for the area but there are some herbicides which are harmful even when used in smaller parts. Therefore, the Government of India has banned these harmful herbicides which are dangerous to the environment.
The list of herbicides banned by the Government for the use of application in India are as follows:
- SODIUM CYANIDE
- TRICHLORO ACETIC ACID(TCA)
- SODIUM METHANE ARSONATE
Most Used Insecticides in India:
- ACEPHATE– It is used to remove common pests in cotton and rice like jassids, bollworms, leaf folder, plant hoppers.
2. ACETAMIPRID– It kills pests like whiteflies, aphids, thrips and bph. It is applied on cabbage, cotton, chili, rice.
3. ALPHACYPERMETHRIN– It is used to kill bollworms in cotton.
Insecticides Banned in India:
Author – Sakshi Luhariwala