The principal methods of organic farming include soil management, crop diversity, weed management, biological pest control, chemical management,like stock, genetic modification.

SOIL MANAGEMENT:

  • Soil management is the primary technique of organic farming, after the cultivation soil losses its nutrients and fertilizer.

  • The process in which soil recharging with all the nutrients called Soil Management.

  • Soil Management used to increase the soil fertility.


  • CROP DIVERSITY:

  • According to this technique, different crops can cultivate together to meet the growing demand for crops.

  • WEED MANAGEMENT:

  • Weeds are unwanted plants, growing with the crop there are two techniques.

  • 1. Moving or cutting- In this process, cut the weed.

    2. Mulching- In this process, farmers use a plastic film or plants to reside on the soil’s surface to block the weed’s growth.

    BIOLOGICAL PEST CONTROL:

  • In this methods, use living organisms to control pests with or without the use of chemicals.


  • CHEMICAL MANAGEMENT IN FARMING:

  • In this process, natural or fewer chemicals, herbicides and pesticides used to protect soil and crops.

  • Proper maintenance is required throughout the area to control other organisms.

  • LIVESTOCK:


  • Organic farming instigates domestic animals use to increase the sustainability of the farm.


  • GENETIC MODIFICATION:


  • Genetic modification is kept away from this kind of agricultural set up because organic farming focuses on the use of natural ways and discourages engineered animals and plants.