Organic farming is the oldest agricultural practice, was practiced even more than 10000 years ago, as given below:

  • Mahabharata: 5500 B.C., Kamadhenu – the role of cow in human life and soil fertility
  • Kautilya Arthshastra: 300 B.C., several manures like oil cake and excreta of animals
  • Brihad Sanhita: Methods of choosing manures for crops and manuring
  • Rigveda: 2500-1500 B.C., green manure, use of dung of goat, sheep, cow etc.


  • One of the most prosperous Indian civilization succeeded on organic farming in the world, till the British ruled it.

    During 1950s and 1960s-
  • Increasing population of India and several natural calamities lead to a severe food scarcity in India.
  • The government was obligated to import food grains from foreign countries and drastically increase the production of food in India as to increase food security.
  • Under the leadership of M. S. Swaminathan, the Green Revolution became the governments most important program.
  • Hybrid seeds and Large amount of land was brought under cultivation.
  • Natural and organic fertilizers were replaced by chemical fertilizers.
  • Rashtriya Chemical Fertilizers were established as Large chemical factories.,/li>
  • The land fertility is dropping.
  • The costlier and stronger pesticides are becoming immune requiring to use the farmers

  • Shifting back to Organic farming.

  • As the health benefits of organic food are proved.
  • Consumers are willing to pay higher premium for the same.
  • Further stringent standards for non-organic food in European and US markets have led to rejection of many Indian food consignments in the past.
  • The demand for organic food increasing in domestic and international market Therefore, Organic farming provides a better alternative to chemical farming.

  • Union Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare report as of March 2020

  • India is one of the most important suppliers of organic food to the developed nations.
  • About 2.78 million hectare of farmland was under organic farming.
  • The top three states — Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Maharashtra — account for about half the area under organic agriculture.