Organic farming is the oldest agricultural practice, was practiced even more than 10000 years
ago, as given below:
Mahabharata: 5500 B.C., Kamadhenu – the role of cow in human life and soil
Kautilya Arthshastra: 300 B.C., several manures like oil cake and excreta of
Brihad Sanhita: Methods of choosing manures for crops and manuring
Rigveda: 2500-1500 B.C., green manure, use of dung of goat, sheep, cow etc.
One of the most prosperous Indian civilization succeeded on organic farming in the
world, till the British ruled it.
During 1950s and 1960s-
Increasing population of India and several natural calamities lead to a severe
food scarcity in India.
The government was obligated to import food grains from foreign countries
and drastically increase the production of food in India as to increase food
Under the leadership of M. S. Swaminathan, the Green Revolution became the
governments most important program.
Hybrid seeds and Large amount of land was brought under cultivation.
Natural and organic fertilizers were replaced by chemical fertilizers.
Rashtriya Chemical Fertilizers were established as Large chemical factories.,/li>
The land fertility is dropping.
The costlier and stronger pesticides are becoming immune requiring to use the
Shifting back to Organic farming.
As the health benefits of organic food are proved.
Consumers are willing to pay higher premium for the same.
Further stringent standards for non-organic food in European and US markets have
led to rejection of many Indian food consignments in the past.
The demand for organic food increasing in domestic and international market
Therefore, Organic farming provides a better alternative to chemical farming.
Union Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare report as of March 2020
India is one of the most important suppliers of organic food to the developed nations.
About 2.78 million hectare of farmland was under organic farming.
The top three states — Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Maharashtra — account for
about half the area under organic agriculture.