The Green Revolution started around the late 1960s in India.The Green Revolution is
known to be the period when agriculture in India was converted into an industrial system
due to use of High Yielding Variety(HYV)seeds, pesticides, insecticides and fertilizers.The
Green Revolution in India commenced in 1965 under Congress leader Lal Bahadur Shastri.

This led to an increase in food grains especially in states like Punjab, Haryana
and Uttar Pradesh.
The Green Revolution influenced the Indian Economy :
•Increase In Agricultural Production-Introduction of the Green Revolution raised
agricultural production to a phenomenal level. Among the food crops, wheat yielded
maximum output. Its production increased three times. Due to this Green Revolution in
India is also known as the Wheat Revolution.
•Reduction in Import of food grains-Because of the increase in food production so
much, the import of food grains has reduced at a decent level. India started becoming
self-sufficient in the case of food grains. There were times where India also exported food
•Rural Employment-With the increase in production of food grain, more labour was also
required. The Green Revolution generated lakhs of job opportunities for the
unemployed. A large number of labourers migrated from Bihar to Punjab for better
Advantages of Green Revolution:
-It may help in reducing a number of greenhouse gases
-It produces more than traditional methods
-It reduces the need for fallowing
-It creates more jobs and in return higher income level
-It supports other sectors of the economy
Disadvantages of Green Revolution:
-It promotes monocropping
-It requires heavy investment
-It depends on fertilizer subsidies
-It may not produce enough results to gain profitable outcome
-It encourages seed sterility

-Sakshi Luhariwala