▪Soil management, crop management, water management, disease/pest
management and waste management.
Soil management: Soil fertility is improved through a careful rotation of crops and
generous amounts of compost and green manure, eg: cover crops.
Crop management: Through broad crop diversity and careful rotation nutrients
are restored naturally and leads to control single pest and disease.
Water management: Crops using drip irrigation, which cuts down on erosion and
evaporation. Efficient water use is hugely important in arid climates.
Disease/pest management: In farming natural methods are preferred to control
like natural enemies and natural solutions like sprays to control pest/disease.
Waste management: Dairy farms create manure. the manure would be properly
composted and applied to field or food crops.