Organic farming, although the term is getting popular in recent times but it was initiated 10000 years back. Organic farming aware that the health of the land is linked to the health and future of people and conserve the land for the future generation.
According to FAO (Food and agriculture organization), organic agriculture is a unique production management system that promotes and enhance agroecosystem health, including biodiversity, biological cycle, and soil biological activity and this is accomplished by using on-farm agronomic, a biological and mechanical method in exclusion of all synthetic off-farm inputs. Benefits of Organic farming:1. Healthy foods.
2. Improvement in soil quality.
3. Increased crop productivity and income.
4. Low incidence of pests.
5. Employment opportunities.
Principle of organic farming:
1. Organic agriculture should sustain and enhance the health of soil, plant, animal, human, and planet as one and indivisible.
2. Avoid the use of fertilizers, pesticides, animal drugs, and food additives that may have adverse health effects.
3. Organic agriculture should be based on living ecological systems and cycles, work with them, emulate them and help sustain them.
4. Organic agriculture should conduct a human relationship in a manner that ensures fairness at all levels and to all parties- farmers, workers, processors, distributors, traders, and consumers.
5. Organic agriculture is healthy safe and ecologically sound.
6. Protect the health well being of current and future generations and the environment.
A vision towards a health nation: Organic farmingAccording to the world of organic agriculture 2018 report, India accounts for 2.59% of the total organic cultivation area of 57.8 million hectares. India is the 30% total organic producer in the world. As per international resource data from the Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FIBL) and the International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM) Statistics 2020, India stands at 9th position in terms of certified agricultural land with 1.94 million hectares (2018-19).
In approximately, 150 countries of the world, organic farming is being practices, and the area under organic management is continuously growing. China stands at 3rd position with 3.14 million hectares certified agricultural land, the USA stands 7th position with 2 million hectares certified agricultural land, Brazil stands12th position with1.18 million hectares certified agricultural land.
In India Cultivable land area under organic farming of 29.17 lakh ha in 2020. Among all the states, Madhya Pradesh has covered the largest area under organic certification followed by Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Karnataka, Odisha, Sikkim, and Uttar Pradesh. Uttarakhand has now become the first state in India to introduce an organic agriculture act. Although, let it be noted that the state of Sikkim has already achieved the rank of the country’s first organic state in 2016 by converting its entire cultivable land (more than 75000 ha) under organic certification. India export 6.389 lakh MT organic products during 2019-20. The organic food export realization was around INR 4,686 crore (689 million USD). Organic products are exported to the USA, European Union, Canada, Switzerland, Australia, Japan, Israel, UAE, New Zealand, Vietnam, etc.
Recent initiatives by the government of India:
The Government of India has implemented many schemes to boot the organic farming in the country. Some of them are:
1. Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY)
2. Mission Organic Value Chain Development for North Eastern Region (MOVCDNER)
3. Capital Investment Subsidy Scheme (CISS)
4. National Mission on Oilseeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP)
5. National Food Security Mission (NFSM)